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An exception to this rule of thumb occurs when hunters pursue wild turkeys with a shotgun. Because of the thick feathers and heavy wing bones protecting the vital organs, shot may not be able to penetrate to the vital organs. When hunting wild turkeys with a shotgun, greater success is achieved when hunters shoot at the head and neck area of the bird.

Vital organs of a turkey
The most effective firearm shot for a turkey is to the head and neck. The preferred shot angle for bowhunters is broadside, aiming for the heart or lungs.
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